Gendrificando o mito de sucessão em Hesíodo e no Antigo Oriente Próximo

Adrian Kelly

Resumo


Este artigo reexamina um dos casos mais famosos de interação, o chamado Mito de Sucessão encontrado nas tradições grega arcaica, acadiana e hurro-hitita. Ele sugere que a versão dessa narrativa na Teogonia de Hesíodo, em lugar de indicar um modelo simplista de derivação direta, toca em um processo de interação mais rico e complexo, e que, portanto, esse nexo de textos do Oriente Próximo – incluindo a Canção de Emergência hitita (que costumava ser chamada Canção de Kumarbi), mas acrescentando a Teogonia de Dunnu e o Enuma Elish acadianos e uma variedade de narrativas posteriores da tradição greco-fenícia – pode indicar algo de fundamental sobre cada cultura, especificamente o modo pelo qual os gregos da época arcaica percebiam o gênero como um elemento essencial na sua construção dessas narrativas: ou seja, a figura da esposa-mãe, que nas tradições próximo-orientais pode assumir, e de fato assume, uma variedade de papéis, é consistentemente reduzida a uma função desestabilizadora, minando e subvertendo o domínio da divindade marido-pai. O estudo desses textos serve como uma ilustração clara do modo pelo qual a analogia transcultural é mais recompensadora do que uma genealogia buscada e definida de maneira estrita, que já foi a moda dominante do estudo comparativo no campo dos Estudos Clássicos.

Tradução de Camila Aline Zanon


Palavras-chave


Genealogia; sexo; gênero; Hesíodo; Oriente Próximo; Enuma Elish; Canção de Emergência; Teogonia de Dunni; Teogonia; Homero; Grécia arcaica; orientalizante.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24277/classica.v32i2.887

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Direitos autorais 2020 Adrian Kelly, Camila Aline Zanon

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