Jacob Burckhardt and his Athens or How to Shape an Authoritarian Democratic State

Guilherme Moerbeck

Resumo


This article was organized in three parts. In the first one, a concise introduction to the History of Greek Culture and its historical environment is presented. The focus of the second part lies on Burckhardt’s ideas on the emergence of the polis in Ancient Greece, and how the main thoughts of the Swiss historian tend to materialize in the Ancient past some theoretical conceptions of the nineteenth century. The Athens of Burckhardt is analyzed in the final part of this paper; the core of the author’s approach, and the way he built the idea of the “state as evil” to the democratic Athens of the fifth and the sixth centuries BC are explained. At last, the very meaning of Burckhardt’s Athens – a city-state degenerated by the government of its demoralized mob rule –, is discussed.


Palavras-chave


Jacob Burckhardt; polis; historiography; History of Greek Culture; ancient democracy.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


ARENDT, Hannah. As origens do totalitarismo. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 2013.

BOURDIEU, Pierre. O senso prático. Petrópolis: Vozes, 2009.

BRADLEY, Pamela. Ancient Greece: Using evidence. Melbourne-London: Edward Arnold, 1991.

BURCKHARDT, Jacob. The Greeks and Greek civilization. Oswyn Murray Editor, translated by Sheila Stern. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 1999.

BURCKHARDT, Jacob. Historia de la Cultura Griega. Trad. Eugenio Imaz. Barcelona: Obras Maestras, 1964. v. I.

CHRIST, Karl. Weg sur “Griechischen Kulturgeschichte”. Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, Bd. 49, H.1, p. 101-25, 1st Qtr., 2000.

DABDAB-TRABULSI, José Antônio. Ensaio sobre a mobilização política na Grécia Antiga. Belo Horizonte: UFMG, 2001.

FLAIG, Egon. Jacob Burckhardt, Greek culture and modernity. In: Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies. Supplement, n. 79. Out of Arcadia: Classics and politics in Germany in the age of Burckhardt, Nietzsche and Wilamowitz, 2003, p. 7-39.

FLAIG, Egon. To act with good advice: Greek Tragedy and the democratic political sphere. In: ARNASON, Johann P.; RAAFLAUB, Kurt A.; WAGNER, Peter. (Org.). The Greek Polis and the invention of democracy: A political-cultural transformation and its interpretations. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013, p. 71-98.

FONTANA, Josep. História: Análise do passado e projeto social. Bauru: Edusc, 1998.

FUSTEL DE COULANGES, N. D. La Cité Antique: étude sur le culte, le droit, les institutions de la Grèce et Rome. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009 [1864], facsimile.

GILBERT, Felix. Jabob Burckhardt’s student years: The road to Cultural History. In: Journal of History of Ideas, v. 47, n. 2 (Apr-Jun.,1986), p. 249-74.

GOSSMAN, Lionel. Per me si va nella cittá dolente: Burckhardt and the Polis. In: Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies. Supplement, n. 79, Out of Arcadia: Classics and politics in Germany in the age of Burckhardt, Nietzsche and Wilamowitz, 2003, p. 47-59.

GUARINELLO, Norberto Luiz. Modelos Teóricos sobre a Cidade do Mediterrâneo Antigo. In: FLORENZANO, Maria Beatriz; HIRATA, Elaine Farias Veloso (Org.). Estudos sobre a cidade antiga. São Paulo: Edusp, 2009. p. 109-19.

HINDE, John, R. Jacob Burckhardt and the crisis of modernity. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2000.

IGGERS, George G. The German conception of History: The national tradition of historical thought from Herder to the present. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press, 1983 [1968].

LORAUX, Nicole. Elogio do Anacronismo. In: NOVAES, Adauto (Org.). Tempo e História. São Paulo: Cia. das Letras, 1992. p. 57-70.

MALATIAN, Teresa. Chateaubriand. In: MALERBA, Jurandir (Org.). Lições de História. Porto Alegre: FGV/PUCRS, 2010. p. 113-31.

MALERBA, Jurandir. Thomas Carlyle. In:MALERBA, J. (Org.). Lições de História. Porto Alegre: FGV; PUCRS, 2010. p. 191-209.

MARX, Christoph. Jacob Burckhardt in seiner zeit: das Bild der polis in seiner “Griechischen Kulturgeschichte”. Berlin: Grin, 1998.

MEIKISINS-WOOD, Ellen. Peasant-citizen and Slave: the foundations of Athenian democracy. New York: Verso, 1988. p. 22-8.

MOERBECK, Guilherme. Entre o ritual e a política: Eurípides e a Guerra do Peloponeso. Curitiba: Editora Prismas, 2017.

MOERBECK, Guilherme. Guerra, política e tragédia na Atenas Clássica. Jundiaí: Paco Editorial, 2014.

MOERBECK, Guilherme. Burckhardt among Basel, Berlin, and Athens: the game of the Mirror. História Revista, Goiânia, 2018. [to be published].

MORLEY, Neville. Ancient history: key themes and approaches. New York: Routledge, 2000.

MOMIGLIANO, Arnaldo. Essays in ancient and modern historiography. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2012.

MORALES, Fábio Augusto. A democracia ateniense pelo avesso. São Paulo: Edusp, 2014.

MURRAY, Oswyn. Introduction. In: BURCKHARDT, Jacob. The Greeks and Greek civilization. Translated by Sheila Stern. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 1999.

NIPPEL, Wilfried. Introductory remarks: Max Weber’s “The City” revisited. In: MOLHO, Anthony; RAAFLAUB, Kurt; EMLEM, Julia (Org.). City States in Classical Antiquity and Medieval Italy. Michigan: The University of Michigan Press, 1991. p. 19-30.

OBER, Josiah. Political Dissent in Democratic Athens: Intellectual critics of popular rule. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1998. p. 290-5.

RODRIGUES, Antonio Edmilson Martins. Jacob Burckhardt. In: PARADA, Mauricio. (Org.). Os historiadores clássicos da História. Petrópolis: Vozes, 2013. p. 95-112.

SAKELLARIOU, M. B. The polis-state definition and origins. Athens: Medethmata, 1989.

SHEAR, Julia. Polis and revolution: responding to Oligarchy in Classical Athens. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

SIEBER, Marc; MÜLLER, Susanne. Le opere di Jacob Burckhardt: La storia singolare della loro edizione. Studi Storici, Anno 38, n. 1. p. 91-105, Jan.-Mar. 1997.

SIGURDSON, Richard. Jacob Burckhardt social and political thought. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004.

SIGURDSON, Richard. Jacob Burckhardt: The cultural historian as political thinker. The Review of Politics, v. 52, n. 3, p. 417-40, Summer 1990.

STOPPINO, Mario. Totalitarismo. In: BOBBIO, Norberto; MATTEUCCI, Nicola; PASQUINO, Gianfranco (Org.). Dicionário de Política. 5. ed. Brasília: UnB, 2004.

VLASSOPOULOS, Kostas. Unthinking the Greek polis: Ancient Greek history beyond eurocentrism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

WEBER, Max. Economy and Society: an outline of interpretive sociology. Trad. Guenther Roth and Claus Wittich. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978.

WILSON, Peter. The Athenian Institution of khoregia: The chorus, the city and the stage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24277/classica.v31i2.706

Métricas do artigo

Carregando Métricas ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.




Direitos autorais 2019 Guilherme Moerbeck

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

 

 Classica está licenciada sob a Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional