A iconografia das estelas funerárias dos Círculos Tumulares A e B de Micenas

Ana Claudia Torralvo

Resumo


Este artigo está dividido em duas partes: a primeira é composta por um catálogo das estelas funerárias com relevos provenientes dos Círculos Tumulares A e B de Micenas. A segunda é composta por uma análise na qual foram consideradas as opiniões anteriores a descoberta do Círculo Tumular B (de quando datam os dois únicos estudos dedicados exclusivamente ao entendimento das imagens contidas nesses relevos). A essas opiniões contraponho uma posição mais recente que entende tais imagens como representações simbólicas ligadas a um estágio evolutivo determinado da civilização micênica a qual, nesse momento, passa por um processo de consolidação de elites e estabelecimento de relações de poder mais duradouras: o germe da sociedade palacial micênica.


Palavras-chave


Círculos Tumulares; estelas; Micenas; poder; simbologia; sociedade.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


AKERSTOM, A. Cultic installations in Mycenaean rooms and tombs. In: FRENCH, E.; WARDLE, K. A. (Ed.). Problems in Greek Prehistory [Papers presented at the Centenary Conference of the British School of Archaeology of Athens, Manchester april 1986]. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press, 1988. p. 201-210.

CROUWEL, J. H. Chariots in Bronze Age Greece. Amsterdam: Allard Pierson, 1981. (Allard Pierson Series, v. 3).

EVANS, A. The Shaft Graves & Bee-hive Tombs at Mycenae. London, 1929.

GATES, C. Rethinking the building history of Grave Circle A at Mycenae. American Journal. Of Archeology, n. 89, p. 263-274, 1985.

GRAZIADIO, G. The chronology of the graves of Circle B at Mycenae: a new hipothesis. American Joumal ofArchaeology, n. 92, p. 343-372, 1988.

GRAZIADIO, G. The process of social stratification at Mycenae in the shaft grave period: a comparative examination of the evidence. American Journal ofArchaeology, n. 95. p. 403-440,1991.

HEURTLEY, W. A. The grave stelai. Joumal of the British School ofAthens, n. 25, p. 126-146, 1921-1923.

HOOKER, J. T. Mycenaean Greece. Londres: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1976.

KILIAN, K. Mycenaeans up to date, trends and changes in recent research. In: FRENCH, E.; WARDLE, K. A. (Ed.) Problems in Greek Prehistory [Papers presented at the Centenary Conference of the British School of Archaeology of Athens, Manchester april 1986]. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press, 1988. p. 115-152.

KILIAN-DIRLMEiER, I. Jewellery in Mycenaean and Minoan 'Warrior Graves'. In: FRENCH, E.; WARDLE, K. A. (Ed.). Problems in Greek Prehistory [Papers presented at the Centenary Conference of the British School of Archaeology of Athens, Manchester april 1986]. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press, 1988. p. 161-172.

LAFFINEUR, R. Les vases en metal precieux a l'epoque mycenienne. Goteborg: Paul Astrom, 1977. (Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology, pocket-book 4).

LAFFINEUR, R. Early Mycenaean art: some evidence from the West House in Thera. Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, v. 30, p. 111-122, 1983.

LAFFINEUR, R. The iconografy of Mycenaean seals and the status of their owners. Aegaeum, v. 6, p. 117-160, 1990.

LAFFINEUR, R. Grave Circle A at Mycenae: further reflections on its history. In: HAGG, R.; NORDQUIST, G. C. (Ed.). Celebrations of Death and Divinity in the Bronze Age Argolid. Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium at the Swedish Institute at Athens, 11-13 june 1988. Stokholm: Paul Astrom Forlag, 1990. p. 201-206.

MARCUS, J. The iconography of power among the classic mayas. World Archaeology, v. 6, p. 83-94, 1974.

MARINATOS, N. Celebrations of death and the symbolism of the lion. In: HAGG, R.; NORDQUIST, G. C. (Ed.). Celebrations of Death and Divinity in the Bronze Age Argolid. Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium at the Swedish Institute at Athens, 11-13 june 1988. Stokholm: Paul Astrom Forlag, 1990. p. 143-148.

MORRE, C. In pursuit of the white tusked boar: aspects of hunting in Mycenaean society. In: HÄGG, R.; NORDQUIST, G. C. (Ed.). Celebrations of Death and Divinity in the Bronze Age Argolid. Proceedings of the 6 Iaternationa1 Symposium at the Swedish Institute at Athens, 11-13 june 1988. Stokholm: Paul Astrom Forlag, 1990, p. 149-156.

MYLONAS, G. E. Grave Circle B of Mycenae. Lund: Carl Bloms, 1964. (Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology, 7).

MYLONAS, G. E. The figured Mycenaean stelai. American Journal ofArchaeology, v. 55, p. 134-147, 1951.

NEMEIER, W.-D. Iconography and context: the Thera frescoes. In: LAFFINEUR, R.; CROWLEY, J. L. (Ed.). EIKON. Aegean Bronze Age iconography: shaping a methodology. Proceedings of the 4th International Aegean Conference/4éme Rencontre Égéenne Intemationale University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia - 6-9 april 1992. Liege: Université de Liege, 1992 ( = Aegaeum 8 ). p. 97-104.

OZANNE, I. Les Myceniens. Paris: Armand Colin, 1992.

PEARSON, M. P. The powerful dead: archaeological relationships between the living and the dead. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, v. 3, p. 203-229, 1993.

PELON, O. Tholi, tumuli et cercles funeraires. Paris: De Boccard, 1976.

PELON, O. Origine de Ia culture de tombes à fosse en Grèce continentale - données archicteturales et ritualles. Études Indo-Européennes. p. 13-29, 1985.

POURSAT, J.-C. Les ivoires myceniens. Paris: De Boccard, 1977.

RANDSBORG, K. The archaeology of the visual: burials past and prestent. Dialoghi di Archeologia, n. 7, p. 85-96, 1989.

SAUNDERS, N. J. Predators of culture: jaguar symbolism and Mesoamerican elites. World Archaeology, n. 26, p. 49-59, 1991.

SCHLIEMANN, H. Mycenae: a narrative of researches and discoveries at Mycenae and Tiryns. Salem: Ayer Co., 1880.

SCHNAPP, A. La raison du chasseur. Dialoghi di Archeologia, n. 8, p. 49-59, 1990.

TORRALVO, A. C. As dimensões sociais dos costumes funerários entre os micênios. 1993. Dissertacao (Mestrado) - Departamento de Antropologia, 1993.

VERMEULE, E. T. The art of the shaft graves at Mycenae (Lectures in memory of Louis Taft Sample). Cincinnati: University of Cincinnati, 1975.

WEUGHT, J. C. Death and power at Mycenae, changing symbols in mortuary practices. In: LAFFINEUR, R. (Ed.). Thanatos. Les coutumes funeraires en Egee a l7Aged u Bronze (Actes du Colloque de Liege, 21-23 avril 1986). Liege: Universite de Liege, 1987 ( = Aegaeum 1). p. 171-184.

XENAKI-SAKELLARIOU, A. Identite minoenne et identite mycenienne. In: L'iconographie minoenne. Paris: De Boccard, 1985. p. 308 e ss. (BCH Suppl. 11).

YOUNGER, J. G. The Mycenae-Vaphio lion group. American Journal ofArchaeology, v. 82, p. 285-299, 1978.

YOUNGER, J. G. Aegean seals of the Late Bronze Age: masters and workshops. Kadmos, n. 23, p. 38-64, 1984.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24277/classica.v7i0.658

Métricas do artigo

Carregando Métricas ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.




Direitos autorais 2018 Ana Claudia Torralvo

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

 

 Classica está licenciada sob a Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional