Imagens de Helena

Maria Cecília de Miranda Nogueira Coelho

Resumo


Embora não seja uma personagem, Helena, na tragédia Agamemnon, paira como presença constante e ameaçadora, causa de grandes males sofridos por gregos e troianos. Neste artigo, interessa-nos investigar o modo como Ésquilo a apresenta e se seria pertinente a afirmação de que Eurípides, na Helena, utilizando-se do εἴδωλον realmente construiu - como disse Aristófanes - uma καινὴ ἑλένη (Thesm., 850), tão diferente daquelas da literatura que o precedia.


Palavras-chave


Helena; Eurípides; Ésquilo.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


ADRADOS, F. El tema del león en el "Agamenón" de Esquilo (717-749). Emeritas 33, p.1-5, 1965.

AESCHYLUS. Tragedies and fragments. (Loeb) Ed. e Tr. H. W. Smyth. London: Heinemann, 1926.

AUSTIN, N. Helen of Troy and her shameless phantom. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994.

BASSI, K. The somatics of the past: Helen and the body of tragedy, forthcoming in: RICHARD, A & FRANKO, M. Actualizing Absence. Wesleyan University Press.

BOLLACK, J.; de la COMBE. P. L'Agamemnnon de Eschyle. Le text et ses interpretations. vol. 2. Lille: Presses Universitaires, 1982.

BOWRA,C.M. Stesichorus In: . Greek Lyric Poetry. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1961, p. 74- 129.

BURKERT, W. Structure and History in Greek Mythology and Ritual. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979.

BURNETT, A.P. Euripides' Helen: a comedy of ideas. Classical Philology, 55, 1960, p. 151- 163.

BUXTON, R.G.A. Persuasion in Greek Tragedy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

CAREY, C. Rape and adultery in Athenian Law. Classical Quarterly 45, p. 407-447, 1985.

CASSIN, B. Hélène ou la logique du dire efficace. In: . L'effect sophistique. Paris: Gallimard, 1995, p. 74- 100.

CLADER, L. Helen: the evolution from divine to heroic in Greek epic tradition. Leiden: Mnemosyne, 1976.

COELHO, M.C.M.N. Medéia: o silêncio ético aristotélico. Classica, Sup. 1, p. 63-7, 1992.

COELHO, M.C.M.N. Górgias: verdade e construção discursiva (Dissertação de Mestrado em Filosofia). USP-FFLCH, 1997.

CROALLY, N.T. Euripidean polemic. The Trojan women and the function of tragedy. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1994.

DETIENNE, M. Les jardins d'Adonis. Paris: Gallimard, 1972.

DILLON, J.M. Medea among the Philosophers. In CLAUS, J. & JOHNSON. S. Medea: Essays on Medea in myth, literature, philosophy, and art. Princeton: Princeton U.P. 1997, p. 211-218.

DOWNING, E. Apatê, agôn, and literary self-reflexivity in Euripides' Helen. In: MASTRONARDE, D. & GRIFFITH, M. (edit.) Cabinet of the Muse. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1990, p. 1-16.

EISNER, R. Echoes of the Odyssey in Euripides' Helen. Maia 32,31- 7, 1980.

ESCHYL. Agamemnon. Les Choéphores. Les Euménides. (Ed. e Tr. P. Mazon) Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1952.

EURIPIDE. Hélène (Ed. e tr. H. Grégoire et L. Méridier). Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1950.

EURIPIDE. Les Troyennes (Ed. e tr. L. Parmentier et H. Grégoire). Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1948.

EURIPIDES. Helen (Ed. A.M. Dale). Bristol: Bristol Classical Press, 1996.

GHALI-KAHIL, L.B. Les enlèvements et le retour d'Heléne dans les textes et les documents figurès. Paris: école Française de Athènes, 1955.

GILL, C. Did Chrysippus understand Medea? Phronesis XXVIII, n.1, 136-149, 1983.

GILL, C. Personality in Greek epic, tragedy and philosophy. Oxford: Clarendon, 1996.

GOLDHILL, S. The Drama of Logos. In:_________ . Reading Greek tragedy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

GÓRGIAS, in DIELS, H./KRANZ, W. Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker. Berlin: Weidemann, 1989.

GRAVER, M. Dog-Helen and Homeric insult. Classical Antiquity 14, p. 41 -61, 1995.

GREGORY, J. Euripides and the instruction of Athenians. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1991.

HARTINGAN, K. Myth and the Helen. Eranos 79, p. 23-31, 1981.

HESÍODO Teogonia. Trad. Jaa Torrano. Sao Paulo: Iluminuras, 1992.

HESK, J. Deception and democracy in classical Athens. Cambridge: Cambridge U.P., 2000.

HOMÈRE. Iliade (Ed. et trad. J. Hardy). Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1947.

HOMÈRE. Odyssée (Ed. et trad. V. Bérard) Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1924.

JOUAN, F. Euripide et les légendes des Chants Cypriens. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1966.

KAKRIDIS, J. Problems of the Homeric Helen. In: _______. Homer Revisited, Lund: New Society of Letters, 1972, p. 25-54.

KNOX, B. The lion in the house. In:________. Word and action. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979, p. 27-38.

LLOYD, M. The agon in Euripides. Oxford: Clarendon, 1992.

LLOYD, M. The Helen scene in Euripides' Troades. Classical Quarterly 34 (ii) 1984, p. 303- 13.

MAYER, K. Helen and the DIOS BOULH. AJPhil. 117 (1996), p. 1- 15.

MOREAU, A. M. Eschyle: la violence et le chaos. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1985.

NAGY, G. The best of Achaeans. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1979.

RECKFORD, K. J. Helen in the Iliad, GRBS 5, p. 5-20, 1964.

ROMILLY, J. La belle Hélène et l'évolution de la tragédie grecque. Les Études Classiques 56, p. 129-132, 1988.

ROSENMAYER, T. G. Gorgias, Aeschylus and apate. AJPhil76, p. 225-260, 1955.

SANTOS, M. M. A Teoria literária aristofânica. Classica, São Paulo, 5/6, p. 79-91, 1992/3.

SEGAL, C. Les deux mondes de Hélène d'Euripide, Revue des Études Grecques, LXXXV, p. 293-311, 1970.

SEGAL, C. The two worlds of Euripides' Helen. In:______. Interpreting Greek tragedy: myth, poetry, text. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1986. (1971).

SEGAL, C. Beauty, desire and absence: Helen in Sapho, Alcaeus, and Ibycus. In: ___________. Aglaia: the poetry of Alcman, Sappho, Pindar, Bacchylides and Corina. Boston: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998.

SKUTSCH, O. Helen, her name and nature. Joumal of Hellenics Studies CVII, p. 188- 193, 1987.

SOLMSEN, F. Onoma and pragma in Euripides' Helen. Classical Review, 48, p. 119-21, 1934.

SOLMSEN, F. Intellectual experiments of the Greek enlightenment. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975.

SUZUKI,M. Metamorphoses of Helen. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1980.

WALSH, G.B. The varieties of enchantment. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1984.

WILLIAMS, B . Shame and necessity. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

WOLLF, C. On Euripides' Helen. Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 77, p. 61-84, 1973.

WORMAN, N. The body as argument: Helen in four Greek texts. Classical Antiquity, 16, p.151-203, 1997.

ZINGANO, M. A. Helena, bela e casta Helena. Filosofia Política, 7, p. 52-82, 1993.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24277/classica.v13i13/14.481

Métricas do artigo

Carregando Métricas ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.




Direitos autorais 2018 Maria Cecília de Miranda Nogueira Coelho

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.